How Does City Water Work
The Water Cycle
The water cycle is a continuous process that moves water around the Earth. It starts with the sun, which heats up water in the oceans, lakes, and rivers. This water evaporates into the atmosphere, where it forms clouds. When the clouds become heavy, the water falls back to the Earth as rain or snow.
Some of the rain and snow that falls on land soaks into the ground. This water is called groundwater. Groundwater can be stored in aquifers, which are underground layers of rock or soil that hold water.
How City Water Is Collected and Treated
The treatment process typically includes the following steps:
- Filtration: The water is passed through a filter to remove solids, such as dirt and debris.
- Disinfection: The water is treated with a disinfectant, such as chlorine or chloramine, to kill bacteria and other microorganisms.
- Fluoridation: Fluoride is added to the water to help prevent tooth decay.
How City Water Is Distributed
Once the water has been treated, it is distributed to homes and businesses through a network of pipes. The pipes are made of a variety of materials, including metal, plastic, and concrete.
How to Conserve City Water
- Fixing leaky faucets and pipes: A single leaky faucet can waste up to 20 gallons of water per day.
- Taking shorter showers: A five-minute shower uses about 25 gallons of water.
- Watering the lawn less often: Grass only needs to be watered once or twice a week.
- Washing clothes in full loads: A full load of laundry uses about 40 gallons of water.
- Using a dishwasher instead of hand-washing dishes: A dishwasher uses about 6 gallons of water per load, while hand-washing dishes can use up to 20 gallons.
By following these tips, you can help to conserve city water and protect this vital resource.